“In order to grow, you’ll need to step outside your comfort zone.”
We’ve all heard it before.
But what is a comfort zone? What does it actually mean in practice? What does it look like?
Is there any real benefit to it or will you just make a fool of yourself? And are there things that you can do each day to get better at it?
These were questions that I was asking myself recently when I had to really step out of my comfort zone.
And as someone keenly interested in human performance, it compelled me to study some of the research around this topic.
But before we dive into my findings, I’d like to share my recent experience of stepping out of my comfort zone…
Living out the Dream… A Little Differently
Five years ago, “Giving a TED Talk” was at the top of my list of 'Goals I wanted to achieve.' But as the years rolled on I started to give up the dream.
Then in 2017, everything changed.
Unexpectedly, I was given the opportunity to be involved in a TED Event, but in a slightly unconventional way…a way that forced me out of my comfort zone.
On Monday 11 December 2017, Westpac hosted Australia’s first official TED conference at the Hordern Pavilion, Sydney.
Instead of delivering a conventional speech, I managed to create something different, far more challenging and special for me. Here’s why.
I’ve been a Latin dancer for almost a decade now.
It was something that I fell into, fell in love with and eventually, along the journey, managed to win three Australian championship titles. The passion evolved into more than just an after work hobby.
But this was something that I avoided sharing outside the dance scene.
A few years ago, when I was still in the legal profession, some male colleagues saw an online video of me performing with my dance partner. This seemed funny to them and so they didn’t hesitate to make inappropriate derogatory jokes during a meeting, in my presence.
I was hurt, embarrassed and for years I decided to keep that part of my life private from my professional circle.
I never imagined that someday I would merge my love of dance with speaking, let alone on TED.
I never thought that through I could provoke an audience to shift their perspectives and to think differently.
But that’s what I decided to do.
In the spirit of TED’s motto, ‘ideas worth spreading’, I chose to work with one of Australia’s most renowned Ballroom Dancers, Dancing with the Stars’ Aric Yegudkin, and together we created a narrative dance performance which was choreographed to be both impactful yet motivating. Entertaining while inspiring. Infused with a message that is close to my heart.
The journey wasn't so easy. I had to commit to a dancing style that's foreign to me.
I didn’t know how the audience would respond to a narrated dance performance.
Speaking and Dancing were two different passions of mine, but bringing the two together on a very public stage like TED, untested, was scary...
I'd have to fly between 2 cities in order to rehearse with Aric while working, studying my MBA, delivering speaking engagements and planning for a wedding (my own!) scheduled only a week before TED.
At times I even thought about quitting. It was tough. Frustrating.
We hit obstacles… challenges in finding the right piece of music, getting the music licensing rights, convincing TED to accept the talk’s concept…
After months of uncertainty, I found myself on stage and it was actually happening. We actually made it.
It turned out to be an incredible experience for me as an artist, a performer and a speaker.
It was definitely outside of my comfort zone. For the first time I was able to embrace my authentic self, without fear of how my colleagues in the ‘corporate world’ would perceive it.
So here's what I Learned
The piece I created for TED was different. It was risky. I had no idea how it would be received. No idea if people would like it. If they'd understand. If they'd resonate.
It was certainly pushing the boundaries of my own personal comfort zone. Yet, it was something that I genuinely wanted to do.
And you know what? That’s the point.
We shouldn’t be afraid to be different, to challenge convention and to honestly express ourselves. To speak our truth. To embrace who we are and go outside our comfort zones.
So then, how do we know what is within our comfort zone and what lies beyond it? And how do we make sure we don't bite off more than we can chew?
Let's find out…
If you’re not outside your Comfort Zone, you won’t learn anything
“Growth and comfort do not coexist” — Ginny Rometty
Each of us has our own comfort zone. You have one. I have one. Your momma has one... It’s a psychological, emotional or behavioural space where you think and act in ways that minimise risk and stress (Yerkes and Dodson, 1908). It provides a state of mental security.
It’s easy. Comfortable. There’s no risk of failure.
But, experiencing a little stress now and then is actually a good thing. Without it, you won’t experience anything new – no challenges, no risks, and no growth.
If you actually want to learn, to grow and to be better, staying comfortable isn't going to help you. Organisational Behaviour Professor Andy Molinsky recently published an article in the Harvard Business Review about this very topic but in a professional context (you can read it here). He shares, "As we grow and learn in our jobs and in our careers, we’re constantly faced with situations where we need to adapt our behavior. It’s simply a reality of the world we work in today. And without the skill and courage to take the leap, we can miss out on important opportunities for advancement."
Basically, you don't learn if you're comfortable.
But what if you go too far outside of your comfort zone, into a place where it's just too stressful and you don't feel like you have any chance of succeeding?
Well, this place actually exists and even has a name. It's known as the Zone of Destructive Anxiety. Here, as the name makes obvious, you’re actually too stressed to be productive. You may be jittery, your heart-rate may be racing, you’re unable to focus and could have clouded judgment. Your performance drops off sharply. Your state becomes a destructive force.
Hmm, doesn't sound so good.
Where you actually want to be is somewhere between your Comfort Zone and your Zone of Destructive Anxiety. Here you’ll find a happy place. This in-between space is ideal for learning and growth. Developmental psychologist Lev Vygotsky refers to this as the Zone of Proximal Development (also known in sport as the Zone of Optimal Anxiety - Hanin, 1980).
It's exactly where we want to be. But why?
Well, in simple terms, the Zone of Proximal Development is the space where you're challenged, but if you put in the extra effort or seek the support you need you can achieve the outcome. You have just enough stress to keep you engaged and focussed - you have keener intellect, sharper problem solving skills and the commitment to complete the task or seek out the help you need. It allows you to stretch and learn, while still being able to achieve.
This positive relationship between performance and stress is known as the 'Yerkes-Dodson Law' (you can read more about it in an interesting Harvard Business Review article here).
So, what do you get when you step outside your comfort zone?
There are so many added bonuses to stepping outside your comfort zone. Here are the four that I found most interesting.
You’ll be more productive. Comfort kills productivity. As Ran Zilca of Psychology Today shares, “being comfortable often prohibits us from chasing our dreams.” Pushing personal boundaries can help you get more done. It can help you feel more ambitious and give you the drive to learn new things. To do more. To be more.
You’ll be more adaptable to change. Harvard Professor Brené Brown shares that if you challenge yourself to do things you normally wouldn’t, you can prime your body to be able to handle changes better. You actually don’t really know what you're made of unless and until you venture outside familiarity. I can absolutely relate to this through my TED experience. Early on, we received news that we couldn't get the clearance for our chosen song (crisis!), so had to start from scratch with only 6 weeks to spare. While it was frustrating at the time, it prepped us to be able to handle all sorts of changes that came our way in the weeks that followed.
You’ll become more creative. When you seek new experiences, learn new skills and open new doors, you become inspired. You challenge existing ideas and your own confirmation bias (which is the tendency to only seek out information we already agree with). The frustration that comes from tackling the unknown paves the way for brainstorming new possibilities and viewing challenges with a different lens. Tim Harford’s TEDtalk called How Frustration Can Make Us more Creative provides a unique insight on this point.
You’ll grow, whether you want to or not. Psychiatrist Abigail Brenner M.D, author of Transitions, writes of how taking risks and stepping outside the familiar leads to growth experiences. Even if you make a mistake or don’t get it right at first, you're expanding your repertoire of life skills and self-knowledge. You’re also expanding the size of your comfort zone, which really is a win-win.
Simple Suggestions to Escape your Comfort Zone, Daily
So, you understand now why stepping outside your comfort zone is a good thing, but can you get better at it?
Yes, you absolutely can!
Like anything, the more you do it, the easier it'll become. Here are five simple suggestions to help you escape your comfort zone, one step at a time.
Take baby steps. Don’t try to do too much, too quickly. Allow yourself time. Breaking your goal down into small, achievable daily steps is the easiest way to achieve those huge successes. For example, if you want to tackle a fear of public speaking, don’t jump right in to speaking at an industry event – you may end up traumatised! Just kidding... it won't be that bad. Instead, start small by signing up for public speaking classes, and start by speaking up in smaller meetings.
Do small things that scare you. In best-selling author and business coach Tim Ferriss' book, The 4-Hour Work Week, he suggests that you should try to fill your day with lots of 'comfort challenge' activities that challenge you to do something different. Maybe you could try to negotiate for your coffee at your local café (but don't be surprised if it doesn't work). Put your hand up to take on a task you’ve never done before. Hug a random stranger (although best not in the workplace as this could likely be classed as harassment). By developing a habit of becoming familiar with discomfort you’ll soon realise that it’s not all that hard to do.
Turn every experience into a lesson. When we adopt a growth mindset (you can watch psychologist Carol Dweck's TED Talk on the subject here), we can start to see every challenging experience as an opportunity for growth. We can ask ourselves, “What am I learning about me? About others? About the situation? How can I use this in my personal and professional life?”
Become your own personal coach. Patrick Jinks from The Forbes Coaches Council suggest that you can elevate your thinking by coaching yourself. Here you ask yourself questions like, “What is the worst that could happen? What is holding me back? How can I make this a better experience?” This will help you re-engage your pre-frontal cortex, which basically means you’ll be able to calm yourself and be better prepared before you step outside your comfort zone.
Don’t go at it alone. One of the best things you can do is to enlist the support of a friend, colleague or mentor on our journey. When trying something new, you’ll have another perspective, and this collaboration will give you a shoulder to lean on while also learning new tips and tricks on how to take on the risk. Asking for help is a sign of strength, not weakness. When I first started planning my piece for TED, I knew that I wanted to do something, so enlisted the help of choreographer Aric Yegudkin, and surrounded myself with coaches and mentors. I couldn't have done it without their input and support.
So there you have it. Not as difficult as you thought, is it?
Stepping outside your comfort zone (but not beyond what you can handle) brings with it a range of benefits and can be as easy as changing your mindset.
Being involved in TED was an experience that showed me the value of escaping my own comfort zone and proved to me that we're all far more capable than we think. You can absolutely step outside your comfort zone and make it part of your journey of growth.
-A huge thank you to TED and Westpac for the opportunity to be on the TED stage, to live out a dream and to step outside my comfort zone.
Have you done something risky or a little different in order to be heard? Or do you have an experience finding creative ways to escape your comfort zone? I’d love to hear about it in the comments below!